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支持取消操作和暂停操作的Backgroundworker

作者:admin 发布于:2014-9-3 20:37 Wednesday 分类:网络转载


using System;using System.Collections.Generic;using System.ComponentModel;using System.Data;using System.Drawing;using System.Linq;using System.Text;using System.Windows.Forms;using System.Threading;namespace BackgroundWorkderPauseSample
{
    public partial class MainForm : Form
    {
        BackgroundWorker worker = null;

        public MainForm()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            Load += new EventHandler(Form1_Load);
        }

        void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            worker = new BackgroundWorker();
            worker.WorkerReportsProgress = true;
            worker.WorkerSupportsCancellation = true;
            worker.DoWork += new DoWorkEventHandler(worker_DoWork);
            worker.RunWorkerCompleted += new RunWorkerCompletedEventHandler(worker_RunWorkerCompleted);
            worker.ProgressChanged += new ProgressChangedEventHandler(worker_ProgressChanged);
            
        }

        void worker_ProgressChanged(object sender, ProgressChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            progressBar1.Value = e.ProgressPercentage;
        }

        void worker_RunWorkerCompleted(object sender, RunWorkerCompletedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (e.Cancelled)
                MessageBox.Show("用户取消了操作");
            else             {
                MessageBox.Show("正常完成了操作");
            }

        }

        void worker_DoWork(object sender, DoWorkEventArgs e)
        {
            for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++)
            {
                if (worker.CancellationPending)//如果用户申请取消                 {
                    for (int k = i; k >= 0; k--)
                    {
                        Thread.Sleep(10);
                        worker.ReportProgress(k);//模拟一个回滚的效果                     }
                    e.Cancel = true;
                    return;
                }

                manualReset.WaitOne();//如果ManualResetEvent的初始化为终止状态(true),那么该方法将一直工作,直到收到Reset信号。然后,直到收到Set信号,就继续工作。                 //反之亦然                 Thread.Sleep(500);
                worker.ReportProgress(i+1);

            }
        }

        private void btStart_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            worker.RunWorkerAsync();
        }

        private void btCancel_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            worker.CancelAsync();
        }


        private ManualResetEvent manualReset = new ManualResetEvent(true);

        private void btPause_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            if (btPause.Text == "暂停")
            {
                manualReset.Reset();//暂停当前线程的工作,发信号给waitOne方法,阻塞                 btPause.Text = "继续";
            }
            else             {
                manualReset.Set();//继续某个线程的工作                 btPause.Text = "暂停";
            }
        }
    }
}
这个程序运行的效果大致如下
一。正常状态
image 
二。暂停状态

image

三。恢复状态

image

作为演示,代码比较简单,没有对worker的一些状态进行判断以及按钮相应的设置。仅供参考


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